سیاسی و روابط بین الملل::
استراتژی امنیتی اروپا
At the same time, CFSP High Representative Javier Solana was given a mandate to write the ﬁrst ever European Security Strategy (ESS) (European Council 2003), which he presented to the member states in June 2003, just as negotiation of the new Constitution entered its ﬁnal stage.
What does the ESS say?
In the ﬁrst place, the world depicted in the ESS, despite being recognised as being complex and replete with security challenges, is not depicted as one of a 'new kind of war' as in the NSS.
To the contrary, the ESS afﬁrms that Europe has never been so secure.
In terms of geographical scope, contrary to the global reach of the NSS, the ESS deﬁnes a precise EU responsibility only as far as Europe (and the Middle East) is concerned: here the Union has a duty to promote liberal values and well-governed societies (beyond it there is a generic call for global responsibilities).
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