سیاسی و روابط بین الملل::
Later on, by the mid-twentieth century, it was supplemented by the idea of these states converging and evolving at different rates toward a system of fair and full participation of the people in governance of a welfare state (democratic state of open socio-political access and a social support system) as well as to a modernization based on purposefully developed mass science-tech innovations; that is, commercialized scientific discoveries changing the global technological tenor (Watson 1992, 214-251).
A democratic market model was based on opposite principles: economic decentralization, market self-organization, modernization and economic and political competition, invented by axial civilizations and eventually as well on the system of open socio-political access as a political answer to an economically decentralized system (Smith 1996).
At this stage, some non-Western countries, such as India, Japan, Taiwan and the Republic of Korea, managed to build an open socio-political access system enabling them to evade systemic crises and catch up with Western countries (though different countries in different spheres).
Some countries formed a model of authoritarian regulation of a partially decentralized economy with partially limited (for different reasons and in different ways) socio-political access (Taiwan, Republic of Korea, Singapore).
Such a model proved successful at a certain stage of history, but then some countries (Taiwan, Republic of Korea) managed to depart from it and proceed to building consolidated democratic societies with open socio-political access.
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