سیاسی و روابط بین الملل::
The Basel Institute E-Government Survey revealed that in general terms, respondents are motivated to use e-government tools equally for the purposes of reducing the time it takes to complete a transaction as for the goal of reducing bribery risks.
• Comparing the advantages and challenges of adopting e-government solutions to mitigate bribery risks versus a 'big bang' approach to curbing corruption.
Currently many firms do not systematically consider e-tools and digital technologies to reduce their exposure to bribery risks.
Some companies however, have taken a proactive approach to e-government and other forms of digital innovation in their internal anti-corruption programmes and are encouraging the review of e-tools by country managers when assessing bribery risks (see annex 1).
This is relevant to the private sector because companies' bribery risk assessments often include information on the level and frequency of interactions with public officials in connection with business activity.
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